King Edward the Confessor had died without heirs, and William, Duke of Normandy, believed that he would become the next king. However, upon learning that Harold was crowned king, William invaded England, killed Harold and crowned himself king during the famous Battle of Hastings.
Lombardic Dialects Angles, Saxons and Jutes belonged to the West Germanic subgroup and their dialects were closely related. But having settled in England, they began to show growing dialectal divergence. The principal OE dialects were: In Wales and Cornwall Celtic dialects were used.
Phonetic Peculiarities of the West Germanic languages. When we speak about phonetic peculiarities, we mean those in the stress, in a system of vowels and a system of consonants. With the separation into Germanic languages, force stress was the only kind of stress used, but the movement was still dynamic.
By late Proto-Germanic, it became fixed on the first syllable — either the root or prefix. Due to the different force of articulation in the stressed and unstressed syllables, vowels in these syllables underwent changes.
The unstressed final syllables and sometimes the internal syllables were weakened. The Indo-European IE final syllables were mostly inflexions expressing grammatical relations; when they weakened, the number of vowels used in the inflexions reduced and they began to lose their grammatically differentiating function.
Gradually, many of them were lost completely and their loss affected the grammatical structure of the language, and so the process of simplification of substantives, or nouns, started. In simple forms the root-syllable was usually stressed. In compound forms especially in nouns and adjectives the stress fell on the prefix.
In verbs the prefix was still a separate particle at that time and did not take the stress. So there were basically two stress types — nominal and verbal. In this way the stress could be used as one of the means of word building.
VOWELS The system of vowels in the Germanic languages consisted of short and long monophthongs and diphthongs; the diphthongs are sometimes interpreted as sequences of monophthongs.
Short monophthongs i, e, a, o, u Long monophthongs i: Diphthongs ei, ai, eu, au, iu Vowels are more changeable than consonants. Across the history of the English language, their changes were quantitative an alteration in the length of the vowel soundqualitative an alteration in the perceived quality of a sound or the basic nature of the vowel sounddependent positional and independent spontaneous or regular.
The result of vowel change is either merging or splitting: Differentiation of long and short vowels is a common and important characteristic of Germanic languages. They developed in different ways. Long vowels became closer and were diphthongized, while short vowels became more open.
Consonants were regularly doubled before [j], and [p], [t], [k] were doubled before [r] and [l] but not regularly:Scholars often divide the Germanic languages into three groups: West Germanic, including English, German, and Netherlandic ; North Germanic, including Danish, Swedish, Icelandic, Norwegian, and Faroese; and East Germanic, now extinct, comprising only Gothic and the languages of the Vandals, Burgundians, and a few other tribes.
Chief characteristics of the Germanic Languages. 1 2 The Barbarian tribes –Goths, Vandals, Lombards, Franks, Frisians, Teutons, Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Scandinavians- lived . 1. The distinguishing features of Germanic languages. Examine the data sets, and identify the characteristic that distinguishes the Germanic data.
Characteristics of the Old English language. The Germanic tribes were exposed to Latin before they invaded England, so the languages they spoke did have some Latin influence. After converting to Christianity, Latin had more influence, as evidenced in words pertaining to the church. I don't speak any of the Slavic languages and have mostly learned what I know about them from Wikipedia, but here are some phonetic or phonological characteristics that I use when playing The Great Language Game..
You can tell it's Russian if it has a lot of reduced vowels. Proto-Germanic had many key distinguishing features that help to explain differences between modern Germanic languages and the Indo-European languages that they are cognate with. The best-known is Grimm's Law; here's a little program that shows how Grimm's Law works.
Proto-Germanic had two main verb systems: "strong" and "weak" verbs.