The battle of stirling bridge

Contact Listings Search below for things of interest and places to visit in Britain by name, location, type, keyword — or just have a browse. New items are being added every week. The English advanced over a narrow bridge over the River Forth.

The battle of stirling bridge

The battle of stirling bridge

Inwith Scotland embroiled in a succession crisis following the death King Alexander III, the Scottish nobility approached King Edward of England and asked him to oversee the dispute and administer the outcome.

Battle of Stirling Bridge Seeing an opportunity to expand his power, Edward agreed to settle the matter but only if he were made feudal overlord of Scotland.

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The Scots attempted to sidestep this demand by replying that as there was no king, there was no one to make such a concession. Without further addressing this issue, they were willing to allow Edward to oversee the realm until a new king was determined.

Assessing the candidates, the English monarch selected the claim of John Balliol who was crowned in November Over the next five years, he effectively treated Scotland as a vassal state. As John Balliol was effectively compromised asking, control of most state affairs passed to the man council in July That same year, Edward demanded that Scottish nobles provide military service and support for his war against France.

Refusing, the council instead concluded the Treaty of Paris which aligned Scotland with France and commenced the Auld Alliance.

Battle of Stirling Bridge - Wikipedia

Responding to this and a failed Scottish attack on Carlisle, Edward marched north and sacked Berwick-upon-Tweed in March By July, Balliol had been captured and forced to abdicate and the majority of Scotland had been subjugated. Having success, they soon gained support from Scottish nobility and with growing forces liberated much of the country north of the Firth of Forth.

Concerned about the growing rebellion in Scotland, the Earl of Surrey and Hugh de Cressingham moved north to put down the revolt. Given the success at Dunbar the previous year, English confidence was high and Surrey expected a short campaign.

Opposing the English was a new Scottish army led by Wallace and Moray. More disciplined than their predecessors, this force had been operating in two wings and united to meet the new threat. As the English approached from the south, Sir Richard Lundie, a former Scottish knight, informed Surrey about a local ford that would allow sixty horsemen to cross the river at once.

After conveying this information, Lundie asked permission to take a force across the ford to flank the Scottish position. Though this request was considered by Surrey, Cressingham managed to convince him to attack directly across the bridge.

Watching this, Wallace and Moray restrained their troops until a sizable, but beatable, English force had reached the north shore. When approximately 5, had crossed the bridge, the Scots attacked and swiftly encircled the English, gaining control of the north end of the bridge.

Among those who were trapped on the north shore was Cressingham who was killed and butchered by the Scottish troops.

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One English knight, Sir Marmaduke Tweng, managed to fight his way back across the bridge to the English lines. Others discarded their armor and attempted to swim back across the River Forth. As Surrey pulled back, Stewart successfully attacked the English supply train, hastening their retreat.

By departing the area, Surrey abandoned the English garrison at Stirling Castle, which eventually surrendered to the Scots. Scottish casualties at the Battle of Stirling Bridge were not recorded, however, they are believed to have been relatively light.

BBC - Scotland's History - The Battle of Stirling Bridge,

The only known casualty of the battle was Andrew de Moray who was injured and subsequently died of his wounds. The English lost approximately 6, killed and wounded. His power was short-lived, as he was defeated by King Edward I and a larger English army inat the Battle of Falkirk.The first major defeat of the English in the Wars of Scottish Independence, the Battle of Stirling Bridge afforded Sir William Wallace the opportunity to prove his .

Sep 10,  · The Battle of Stirling Bridge was a battle of the First War of Scottish Independence.

The battle of stirling bridge

On 11 September , the forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated the combined English forces of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, and Hugh .

Unlike the depiction in Braveheart (), the Battle of Stirling Bridge was fought near a wooden bridge, and not in an open the English could finish crossing, the Scots attacked.

In the frenzy to retreat back over the bridge, the whole thing collapse in the River Forth. The Battle of Stirling Bridge was part of the First War of Scottish Independence. William Wallace's forces were victorious at Stirling Bridge on September 11, In , with Scotland embroiled in a succession crisis following the death King Alexander III, the Scottish nobility approached King.

Mar 05,  · My favourite EPIC scene of Braveheart - English heavy cavalry against scottish infantry - Watch in high quality.

The Battle of Stirling Bridge, 11 September , proved to be a short-lived victory for William Wallace and the Scots against the might of the English and their king, Edward I.

Battle of Stirling Bridge | Summary |