This cartoon depicts Henry Clay sewing Jackson's mouth shut.
Three individuals took part in each session of the experiment: The "experimenter", who was in charge of the session. The "teacher", a volunteer for a single session. The "teacher" was led to believe that they were merely assisting, whereas they were actually the subject of the experiment.
The "learner", an actor and a confederate of the experimenter, who pretended to be a volunteer.
The subject and the actor arrived at the session together. The experimenter told them that they were taking part in "a scientific study of memory and learning", to see what the effect of punishment is on a subject's ability to memorize content. Also, he always clarified that the payment for their participation in the experiment was secured regardless of its development.
The subject and actor drew slips of paper to determine their roles.
Unknown to the subject, both slips said "teacher". The actor would always claim to have drawn the slip that read "learner", thus guaranteeing that the subject would always be the "teacher". Next, the teacher and learner were taken into an adjacent room where the learner was strapped into what appeared to be an electric chair.
The experimenter told the participants this was to ensure that the learner would not escape. The teacher and learner were then separated, so that they could communicate but not see each other.
The teacher was then given a list of word pairs that he was to teach the learner. The teacher began by reading the list of word pairs to the learner. The teacher would then read the first word of each pair and read four possible answers.
The learner would press a button to indicate his response. If the answer was incorrect, the teacher would administer a shock to the learner, with the voltage increasing in volt increments for each wrong answer.
If correct, the teacher would read the next word pair.
In reality, there were no shocks. After the learner was separated from the teacher, the learner set up a tape recorder integrated with the electroshock generator, which played prerecorded sounds for each shock level. As the voltage of the fake shocks increased, the learner began making audible protests, such as banging repeatedly on the wall that separated him from the teacher.
When the highest voltages were reached, the learner fell silent. The prods were, in this order: The experiment requires that you continue. It is absolutely essential that you continue. You have no other choice, you must go on.
If the subject still wished to stop after all four successive verbal prods, the experiment was halted. Otherwise, it was halted after the subject had given the maximum volt shock three times in succession.
If the teacher asked whether the learner might suffer permanent physical harm, the experimenter replied, "Although the shocks may be painful, there is no permanent tissue damage, so please go on. All of the poll respondents believed that only a very small fraction of teachers the range was from zero to 3 out ofwith an average of 1.
Milgram also informally polled his colleagues and found that they, too, believed very few subjects would progress beyond a very strong shock. They predicted that by the volt shock, when the victim refuses to answer, only 3.[carves "V" into poster on wall] The only verdict is vengeance; a vendetta, held as a votive, not in vain, for the value and veracity of such .
V for Vendetta directed by James Mcteigue demonstrates the rebellion against injustice of an oppressing government of England in the late s. James McTeigue uses symbolism in the film V for Vendetta to juxtapose the idea of individuality and the rebellion against forced conformity.
Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two. Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs.. For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get .
The Tax Protester FAQ Introduction What is the purpose of this FAQ? The purpose of this FAQ is to provide concise, authoritative rebuttals to nonsense about the U.S.
tax system that is frequently posted on web sites scattered throughout the Internet, by a variety of fanatics, idiots, charlatans, and dupes, frequently referred to by the courts as “tax protesters”.
Now we're hearing a new excuse about why it's so hard to do a recount in Florida - people don't know how to write their signatures so what they signed on their mail-in ballots doesn't match the signature on file. The signature battle touches on constitutional questions of equal protection and free speech.
The Catholic Church is often the victim of the same kinds of urban legends that surround the Titanic or Aspartame. Whether it is the Crusades, the Spanish Inquisition, chained church Bibles, or Galileo, people are being led to believe falsehood and making bad decisions based on those falsehoods.